The main global challenges were still very regional when I began to develop an interest in our planet. Globalization was not a Machiavellian plot of ugly capitalists to pressurize the people. Its birth and growth were natural, sometimes hectic, unplanned and often unpredictable.


Dealing with global issues implies a serious knowledge of local realities. Similarly, operating global businesses is a complex challenge. I focused on global finance. The majority of my working, writing, teaching and speaking commitments relate to or involve elements of global finance. It is at the service of growth and companies and also serves governments.


The financial crisis has been resolved through a number of regulatory initiatives that now, threaten the institutions that are essential to supporting international trade. Is it necessary to have another crisis in order to realize that, without globalization, our world cannot grow, feed populations or employ its people? Globalization also has a serious negative impact: climate change is the biggest threat to our planet.